South Africa's Vital Signs Beta
This dashboard by the Brenthurst Foundation gives readers a real-time sense of how South Africa's economy is performing. We use actual and projected data to calculate live, indicative values for key indicators. Read more about our calculations below.
South Africa's GDP over the past year
$6,776.92 per person
Source: TradingEconomics.com | The data above reflect both the South African economy's performance and the strength of the Rand against the US Dollar. Economic output dipped significantly during the worst of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdowns in 2020.
South Africa's long-term government debt
$1,216.88 per person
Source: TradingEconomics.com | As with GDP, the above data is influenced by the Rand-US Dollar exchange rate. There has been a significant increase in government debt over the past decade, particularly since 2016.
Value of the Rand
ZAR per USD
People in South Africa
South Africa's unemployment rate over the past quarter
Sources: Unemployment (blue) from TradingEconomics.com ; "Broader" unemployment (white) — the combined rate of unemployment and potential labour force (LU3) — from the International Labour Organization | The dip in unemployment in 2020 was due to the "national lockdown that impeded people’s ability to actively search for work, together with a number of classification and measurement challenges encountered by [...] StatsSA". (Reuters)
South Africa's electricity production for the past month
53.26 kWh per resident
Source: TradingEconomics.com | Because residential electricity consumption in South Africa only accounts for 17% of the total consumption, the per capita figure above is adjusted to estimate the electricity produced per resident, on average. (UCT)
Violent crimes reported to SAPS in the past 12 months
10.91 crimes per 1000 residents
Source: South African Police Service (SAPS) | Crime statistics are reported from April one year to March the next year (SAPS' financial year). The data points above are at the end of the year. The projected data point in this graph is our own linear projection, assuming a continuation of the trend between the previous two data points.
Local business' confidence sentiment, out of a 100
Source: TradingEconomics.com | In the business confidence index, a score of 50 is neutral, whereas 0 signals a total lack of confidence in South Africa and 100 signals complete confidence in the country. Over the past decade, local businesses have been neutral (52, in 2014) about South Africa at best. The dip in business confidence in 2020 is due to the COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdowns.
South Africa's FDI for the past quarter
$0.48 per person
Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) | The large jump in FDI in the third quarter of 2021 was "mainly due to technology investor Prosus [headquartered in The Netherlands] buying about 45% of its South African parent Naspers." (Reuters) If the trend of a significant dip at the beginning of 2023 from the last quarter of 2022 continues, South Africa will have negative FDI.
South Africa's exports as a percentage of global exports for the past year
Source: The World Bank
Average monthly salary
16,346,190 employed people
Sources: Salary data from BankservAfrica Take-Home Pay Index ; Employed people from TradingEconomics.com | The projected data point in this graph is our own linear projection, assuming a continuation of the trend between the previous two data points.The source data is in ZAR and was converted at a constant 2023 USD-ZAR rate (R17.0707/$).
Cost of food basket
Cost of household food basket for the last month
Source: Pietermaritzburg Economic Justice and Dignity Group (PMBEJD) | The source data is in ZAR and was converted at a constant 2023 USD-ZAR rate (R17.0707/$). The indicated future values are our own simple linear projection.
South African property price growth
Source: TradingEconomics.com | Property price growth has gradually slowed down over the past decade, with a temporary dip during the first wave and lockdowns of the COVID-19 pandemic. Growth in property prices can be taken as a proxy for demand, which can in turn be interpreted as a signal of property buyers' confidence in the country. The indicated projection is our own simple linear projection.
Net personal wealth
Average net personal wealth
Source: World Inequality Database (WID) | The projected data point in this graph is our own linear projection, assuming a continuation of the trend between the previous two data points.
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How we project live values: Where our source data provides projected data points, we calculate a 'live' value on a linear graph between the most recent historical data point and the next projected data point. Where our source data does not provide projections, we make a linear projection of the value at the next interval assuming a linear continuation of the trend between the last two historical data points.
Disclaimer: While we strive for accuracy, our projections are rough estimations for illustrative purposes only and visitors should exercise caution and discretion when interpreting or utilizing these values for any purpose. We accept no liability for any decisions made, actions taken, or consequences that arise based on the use of the data presented in this dashboard. Always consult with a qualified professional when making decisions based on data projections.
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