External Defence Engagement in Africa - Summary of the 2016 Tswalu Dialogue

This Paper focuses on the main themes to emerge from the 2016 Tswalu Dialogue hosted by the Brenthurst Foundation in conjunction with the British Peace Support Team, the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung and the Washington DC-based Africa Center for Strategic Studies. Delegates included leading African security experts, officials, and former heads of state, along with high-level ‘external’ participants drawn primarily from the United States, France and the United Kingdom.

Defence cooperation between African countries and their external partners has achieved significant successes but in a broad sense the relationship has reached an inflection point. Africa’s unprecedented population boom has raised stark concerns that the continent may become a major exporter of insecurity and terrorism, unless the capacity of its institutions to cope with vastly-increased societal demands improves rapidly.

At the same time, African countries seek to recast external partnerships on more equal terms and forge stronger regional and continental responses to their own security challenges. This summary highlights the different ways better cooperation will promote a more secure and stable Africa.

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External Defence Engagement in Africa - Summary of the 2016 Tswalu Dialogue

Hosted by the Brenthurst Foundation in conjunction with the British Peace Support Team, the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung and the Africa Center for Strategic Studies, the 2016 Tswalu Dialogue examined external defence engagement in Africa. Various forms of 'engagement' - from training and logistical support to diplomacy, joint operations and external intervention - were discussed. Delegates included leading African security experts, officials, and former heads of state, along with high-level 'external' participants drawn primarily from the United States, France and the United Kingdom. 

The wellsprings for the discussions were four major Papers circulated in advance of the meeting and briefly summarised by the authors during the Dialogue. The Papers - one each examining French, British and American defence engagement, and one on African security challenges - will not be reviewed here. Instead, this brief summary will focus on the main themes that emerged from the ensuing debates and identify key areas for further dialogue. All the various contributions reflected in his Paper are, as per the nature of the Tswalu Dialogue, unattributed.

About the Author:

Dr Terence McNamee is the Deputy Director of the Brenthurst Foundation.

Published in March 2016 by The Brenthurst Foundation
 

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External Defence Engagement in Africa - Summary of the 2016 Tswalu Dialogue

Hosted by the Brenthurst Foundation in conjunction with the British Peace Support Team, the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung and the Africa Center for Strategic Studies, the 2016 Tswalu Dialogue examined external defence engagement in Africa. Various forms of 'engagement' - from training and logistical support to diplomacy, joint operations and external intervention - were discussed. Delegates included leading African security experts, officials, and former heads of state, along with high-level 'external' participants drawn primarily from the United States, France and the United Kingdom. 

The wellsprings for the discussions were four major Papers circulated in advance of the meeting and briefly summarised by the authors during the Dialogue. The Papers - one each examining French, British and American defence engagement, and one on African security challenges - will not be reviewed here. Instead, this brief summary will focus on the main themes that emerged from the ensuing debates and identify key areas for further dialogue. All the various contributions reflected in his Paper are, as per the nature of the Tswalu Dialogue, unattributed.


About the Author:

Dr Terence McNamee is the Deputy Director of the Brenthurst Foundation.

Published in March 2016 by The Brenthurst Foundation

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